pulse_library#

Standard pulse-level operations for use with the quantify_scheduler.

Module Contents#

Classes#

ReferenceMagnitude

Dataclass defining a reference level for pulse amplitudes in units of 'V', 'dBm', or 'A'.

ShiftClockPhase

Operation that shifts the phase of a clock by a specified amount.

ResetClockPhase

An operation that resets the phase of a clock.

SetClockFrequency

Operation that sets updates the frequency of a clock.

IdlePulse

The IdlePulse Operation is a placeholder for a specified duration of time.

RampPulse

RampPulse Operation is a pulse that ramps from zero to a set amplitude over its duration.

StaircasePulse

A real valued staircase pulse, which reaches it's final amplitude in discrete steps.

MarkerPulse

Digital pulse that is HIGH for the specified duration.

SquarePulse

A real-valued pulse with the specified amplitude during the pulse.

SuddenNetZeroPulse

A pulse that can be used to implement a conditional phase gate in transmon qubits.

SoftSquarePulse

A real valued square pulse convolved with a Hann window for smoothing.

ChirpPulse

A linear chirp signal. A sinusoidal signal that ramps up in frequency.

DRAGPulse

A Gaussian pulse with a derivative component added to the out-of-phase channel.

GaussPulse

The GaussPulse Operation is a real-valued pulse with the specified

WindowOperation

The WindowOperation is an operation for visualization purposes.

NumericalPulse

A pulse where the shape is determined by specifying an array of (complex) points.

SkewedHermitePulse

Hermite pulse intended for single qubit gates in diamond based systems.

Functions#

decompose_long_square_pulse(→ list)

Generates a list of square pulses equivalent to a (very) long square pulse.

create_dc_compensation_pulse(→ SquarePulse)

Calculates a SquarePulse to counteract charging effects based on a list of pulses.

class ReferenceMagnitude[source]#

Dataclass defining a reference level for pulse amplitudes in units of ‘V’, ‘dBm’, or ‘A’.

value: float[source]#
unit: Literal[V, dBm, A][source]#
classmethod from_parameter(parameter: qcodes.InstrumentChannel)[source]#

Initialize from ReferenceMagnitude QCoDeS InstrumentChannel values.

class ShiftClockPhase(phase_shift: float, clock: str, t0: float = 0, duration: float = qblox_constants.NCO_SET_PH_DELTA_WAIT * 1e-09)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

Operation that shifts the phase of a clock by a specified amount.

This is a low-level operation and therefore depends on the backend.

Currently only implemented for Qblox backend, refer to NcoPhaseShiftStrategy for more details.

Parameters:
  • phase_shift – The phase shift in degrees.

  • clock – The clock of which to shift the phase.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to execute the command relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

  • duration – The duration of the operation in seconds.

class ResetClockPhase(clock: str, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

An operation that resets the phase of a clock.

Parameters:

clock – The clock of which to reset the phase.

class SetClockFrequency(clock: str, clock_freq_new: float, t0: float = 0, duration: float = qblox_constants.NCO_SET_FREQ_WAIT * 1e-09)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

Operation that sets updates the frequency of a clock.

This is a low-level operation and therefore depends on the backend.

Currently only implemented for Qblox backend, refer to NcoSetClockFrequencyStrategy for more details.

Parameters:
  • clock – The clock for which a new frequency is to be set.

  • clock_freq_new – The new frequency in Hz.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to execute the command relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

  • duration – The duration of the operation in seconds.

class IdlePulse(duration: float)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

The IdlePulse Operation is a placeholder for a specified duration of time.

The IdlePulse Operation is a placeholder for a specified duration of time.

Parameters:

duration – The duration of idle time in seconds.

class RampPulse(amp: float, duration: float, port: str, clock: str = BasebandClockResource.IDENTITY, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, offset: float = 0, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

RampPulse Operation is a pulse that ramps from zero to a set amplitude over its duration.

The pulse is given as a function of time \(t\) and the parameters offset and amplitude by

\[P(t) = \mathrm{offset} + t \times \mathrm{amp}.\]
Parameters:
  • amp – Unitless amplitude of the ramp envelope function.

  • duration – The pulse duration in seconds.

  • offset – Starting point of the ramp pulse

  • port – Port of the pulse.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse, by default a BasebandClock is used.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

class StaircasePulse(start_amp: float, final_amp: float, num_steps: int, duration: float, port: str, clock: str = BasebandClockResource.IDENTITY, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A real valued staircase pulse, which reaches it’s final amplitude in discrete steps.

In between it will maintain a plateau.

Parameters:
  • start_amp – Starting unitless amplitude of the staircase envelope function.

  • final_amp – Final unitless amplitude of the staircase envelope function.

  • num_steps – The number of plateaus.

  • duration – Duration of the pulse in seconds.

  • port – Port of the pulse.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

class MarkerPulse(duration: float, port: str, t0: float = 0, clock: str = ChannelMode.DIGITAL)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

Digital pulse that is HIGH for the specified duration.

Marker pulse is played on marker output. Currently only implemented for Qblox backend.

Parameters:
  • duration – Duration of the HIGH signal.

  • port – Name of associated port.

  • clock – As digital channels technically do not have a clock, this parameter is by default set to “digital”. In circuit to device compilation digital channels get assigned the digital clock.

class SquarePulse(amp: complex, duration: float, port: str, clock: str = BasebandClockResource.IDENTITY, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A real-valued pulse with the specified amplitude during the pulse.

Parameters:
  • amp – Unitless complex valued amplitude of the envelope.

  • duration – The pulse duration in seconds.

  • port – Port of the pulse, must be capable of playing a complex waveform.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

class SuddenNetZeroPulse(amp_A: float, amp_B: float, net_zero_A_scale: float, t_pulse: float, t_phi: float, t_integral_correction: float, port: str, clock: str = BasebandClockResource.IDENTITY, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A pulse that can be used to implement a conditional phase gate in transmon qubits.

The sudden net-zero (SNZ) pulse is defined in Negîrneac et al. [NAM+21].

Parameters:
  • amp_A – Unitless amplitude of the main square pulse.

  • amp_B – Unitless scaling correction for the final sample of the first square and first sample of the second square pulse.

  • net_zero_A_scale – Amplitude scaling correction factor of the negative arm of the net-zero pulse.

  • t_pulse – The total duration of the two half square pulses

  • t_phi – The idling duration between the two half pulses

  • t_integral_correction – The duration in which any non-zero pulse amplitude needs to be corrected.

  • port – Port of the pulse, must be capable of playing a complex waveform.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

decompose_long_square_pulse(duration: float, duration_max: float, single_duration: bool = False, **kwargs) list[source]#

Generates a list of square pulses equivalent to a (very) long square pulse.

Intended to be used for waveform-memory-limited devices. Effectively, only two square pulses, at most, will be needed: a main one of duration duration_max and a second one for potential mismatch between N duration_max and overall duration.

Parameters:
  • duration – Duration of the long pulse in seconds.

  • duration_max – Maximum duration of square pulses to be generated in seconds.

  • single_duration – If True, only square pulses of duration duration_max will be generated. If False, a square pulse of duration < duration_max might be generated if necessary.

  • **kwargs – Other keyword arguments to be passed to the SquarePulse.

Returns:

A list of :class`SquarePulse` s equivalent to the desired long pulse.

class SoftSquarePulse(amp: float, duration: float, port: str, clock: str, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A real valued square pulse convolved with a Hann window for smoothing.

Parameters:
  • amp – Unitless amplitude of the envelope.

  • duration – The pulse duration in seconds.

  • port – Port of the pulse, must be capable of playing a complex waveform.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

class ChirpPulse(amp: float, duration: float, port: str, clock: str, start_freq: float, end_freq: float, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A linear chirp signal. A sinusoidal signal that ramps up in frequency.

Parameters:
  • amp – Unitless amplitude of the envelope.

  • duration – Duration of the pulse.

  • port – The port of the pulse.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • start_freq – Start frequency of the Chirp. Note that this is the frequency at which the waveform is calculated, this may differ from the clock frequency.

  • end_freq – End frequency of the Chirp.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Shift of the start time with respect to the start of the operation.

class DRAGPulse(G_amp: float, D_amp: float, phase: float, duration: float, port: str, clock: str, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A Gaussian pulse with a derivative component added to the out-of-phase channel.

The DRAG pulse is intended for single qubit gates in transmon based systems. It can be calibrated to reduce unwanted excitations of the \(|1\rangle - |2\rangle\) transition (Motzoi et al. [MGRW09] and Gambetta et al. [GMMW11]).

The waveform is generated using waveforms.drag() .

Parameters:
  • G_amp – Unitless amplitude of the Gaussian envelope.

  • D_amp – Unitless amplitude of the derivative component, the DRAG-pulse parameter.

  • duration – The pulse duration in seconds.

  • phase – Phase of the pulse in degrees.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • port – Port of the pulse, must be capable of carrying a complex waveform.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

class GaussPulse(G_amp: float, phase: float, duration: float, port: str, clock: str, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

The GaussPulse Operation is a real-valued pulse with the specified amplitude and width 4 sigma.

The waveform is generated using waveforms.drag() whith a D_amp set to zero, corresponding to a Gaussian pulse.

Parameters:
  • G_amp – Unitless amplitude of the Gaussian envelope.

  • duration – The pulse duration in seconds.

  • phase – Phase of the pulse in degrees.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • port – Port of the pulse, must be capable of carrying a complex waveform.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

create_dc_compensation_pulse(pulses: List[quantify_scheduler.Operation], sampling_rate: float, port: str, t0: float = 0, amp: float | None = None, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, duration: float | None = None) SquarePulse[source]#

Calculates a SquarePulse to counteract charging effects based on a list of pulses.

The compensation is calculated by summing the area of all pulses on the specified port. This gives a first order approximation for the pulse required to compensate the charging. All modulated pulses ignored in the calculation.

Parameters:
  • pulses – List of pulses to compensate

  • sampling_rate – Resolution to calculate the enclosure of the pulses to calculate the area to compensate.

  • amp – Desired unitless amplitude of the DC compensation SquarePulse. Leave to None to calculate the value for compensation, in this case you must assign a value to duration. The sign of the amplitude is ignored and adjusted automatically to perform the compensation.

  • duration – Desired pulse duration in seconds. Leave to None to calculate the value for compensation, in this case you must assign a value to amp. The sign of the value of amp given in the previous step is adjusted to perform the compensation.

  • port – Port to perform the compensation. Any pulse that does not belong to the specified port is ignored.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • phase – Phase of the pulse in degrees.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

Returns:

Returns a SquarePulse object that compensates all pulses passed as argument.

class WindowOperation(window_name: str, duration: float, t0: float = 0.0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

The WindowOperation is an operation for visualization purposes.

The WindowOperation has a starting time and duration.

property window_name: str[source]#

Return the window name of this operation.

class NumericalPulse(samples: numpy.ndarray | list, t_samples: numpy.ndarray | list, port: str, clock: str, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0, interpolation: str = 'linear')[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

A pulse where the shape is determined by specifying an array of (complex) points.

If points are required between the specified samples (such as could be required by the sampling rate of the hardware), meaning \(t[n] < t' < t[n+1]\), scipy.interpolate.interp1d will be used to interpolate between the two points and determine the value.

Parameters:
  • samples – An array of (possibly complex) values specifying the shape of the pulse.

  • t_samples – An array of values specifying the corresponding times at which the samples are evaluated.

  • port – The port that the pulse should be played on.

  • clock – Clock used to (de)modulate the pulse.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless samples. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule.

  • interpolation – Specifies the type of interpolation used. This is passed as the “kind” argument to scipy.interpolate.interp1d.

class SkewedHermitePulse(duration: float, amplitude: float, skewness: float, phase: float, port: str, clock: str, reference_magnitude: ReferenceMagnitude | None = None, t0: float = 0)[source]#

Bases: quantify_scheduler.Operation

Hermite pulse intended for single qubit gates in diamond based systems.

The waveform is generated using skewed_hermite().

Parameters:
  • duration – The pulse duration in seconds.

  • amplitude – Unitless amplitude of the hermite pulse.

  • skewness – Skewness in the frequency space.

  • phase – Phase of the pulse in degrees.

  • clock – Clock used to modulate the pulse.

  • port – Port of the pulse, must be capable of carrying a complex waveform.

  • reference_magnitude – Scaling value and unit for the unitless amplitude. Uses settings in hardware config if not provided.

  • t0 – Time in seconds when to start the pulses relative to the start time of the Operation in the Schedule. By default 0.